Untold History of Hindol (1): Under the Patra and Shamal dynasties

    800AD to 1100AD.... This is the period that Hindol and Odisha were Ruled by the Sulki Kings about whom very little has been researched,The empire is believed to have extended from Chilka and Banpur in Odisha to the West Midnapore district in Bengal.
    Before 860AD Hindol is ruled by 'Kandhas'. They called themselves 'Sardar' and ruled the state. Apart from Hindol, the Kandhas were also active at Boudh, Dasapalla, Narasinghapur and Anugul. 
   The cult prevalent at that time was of pillar worship and the presiding deities were in the form of pillars, either stone or wood and over time have been assimilated into Hinduism folds representing the Shiva and Durga now. 
Many copper plates of that time indicate the existance of the Stambha Raja's, mainly Kulastambha Deb and Ranastambha Deb, and the "Hindol Copper Plate", which is now in the collection of the Patna museum in Bihar indicates a grant of land by one of the Stambha kings to a certain Brahmin. The same grant also stands etched on stone at Chitalpur on the back of deity Maa Stambeswari. 
The remnanents of this pillar worship culture can be found in Chitalpur village, Bompa village and Kunua village of Hindol and at Talmul village of Angul and many other places in the vicinity.



Under the Patras   In 860AD a man named 'Banamali Patra' came from Khordha and defeated the Kandhas Sardar 'Daini'. He called himself 'Dalapati' and dominated over the state. After the death of 'Banamali Patra' his sons 'Ramachandra Patra' and 'Narasingh Patra' indulged in fight for property and ruled the state in two parts. 'Narasingh Patra' killed 'Ramachandra Patra' by cheating and became the 'Dalapati' of the full state. During his tenure he appointed the village head in every village and termed them as 'Bahalia'. He died in Paralysis. He doesn't have any child, So the Sardar of *Paika's 'Durjay Shamal' elected as 'Dalapati' in 937AD.
  • Banamali Patra 860-895AD
  • Narasingh Patra 895-937AD
*Paika then meant a member of army or troops.The Paika term had not evolved then as we understand it now.
These Shamal's reffered to are not Paika's but "Suda".Now they go as OBC but are actually a tribe. 
Under the Shamals  'Durjay Shamal' ruled for 28 years and died in 965AD. After him 13 successors from his family ruled The state for 377 years. During the 'Shamal era' education is not available for public it's limited to the family of 'Dalapati'.
     In 1342AD 'Hari Shamal' became the 'Dalapati'. His ancestors and he didn't paid tax to the King of Odisha, so the king sent his Senapati(commander) 'Narasinha Patra' with some soldiers. They collected tax and looted some villages then get back to Khurda via Baramba. During this time 'Dudurkote' was the capital.
    After the death of 'Hari Shamal', his elder son 'Shankar Shamal' and younger son 'Murari Shamal' ruled the state 45 years & 32 years respectively.
    In 1463AD 'Chandra Shamal' became the 'Dalapati'. In his tenure Angul king attacked and occupied some area. He had seven children.
After his death his elder son 'Dhanurjay Shamal' became 'Dalapati' and his other 6 sons 'Nidhi Shamal', 'Dalei Shamal', 'Pindib Shamal', 'Kapil Shamal', 'Gopinath Shamal' and 'Subuddhi Shamal' helped him. People weren't happy during this time. They were tortured by the rulers and seek for a change. 
'Dhanurjay Shamal' is the last 'Dalapati' of Shamal Dynasty. 

  • Durjay Shamal 937-965 AD
  • Sharan Shamal 965-967 AD
  • Gobinda Shamal 967-998 AD
  • Hadibandhu Shamal 998-1006 AD
  • Kanhei Shamal 1006-1027 AD
  • Pabitra Shamal 1027-1032 AD
  • Ananta Shamal 1032-1060 AD
  • Rajib Shamal 1060-1101 AD
  • Sudarshan Shamal 1101-1118 AD
  • Bikala Shamal 1118-1165 AD
  • Lokanath Shamal 1165-1196 AD
  • Narayan Shamal 1196-1239 AD
  • Jagabandhu Shamal 1239-1299 AD
  • Sabara Shamal 1299-1342 AD
  • Hari Shamal 1342-1386 AD
  • Shankar Shamal 1386-1431 AD
  • Murari Shamal 1431-1463 AD
  • Chandra Shamal 1463-1518 AD
  • Dhanurjay Shamal 1518-1554 AD

references:
ହିଣ୍ଡୋଳର ସଂକ୍ଷିପ୍ତ ଐତିହାସିକ ବିବରଣୀ (୧୯୦୪), ଜନାର୍ଦ୍ଦନ ପ୍ରେସ୍,ହିନ୍ଦୋଳ
Shailendra Narayan Singhdeo, Hindol Palace(@snshindol)
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